†SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1CR09-051 09/22/03

CAUSATION

The ____ essential element is that (Def)_______________ís actions caused the (harmful result)______________________.† The State must have proven that (Def)_______________ís acts produced the (harmful result)_______________ in a natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause.† [An efficient intervening cause would be an unexpected, independent force that broke the connection between (Def)_______________ís acts and the resulting harm.]† You must also conclude that, but for (Def)_______________ís acts, the (harmful result)_______________ would not have occurred.