†SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1CR09-315 12/22/03



If you reach the point of considering whether (Def)_______________ was participating in the (crime)_______________ when it actually occurred, you must consider the evidence on whether or not [he] [she] had abandoned the criminal enterprise.† When two or more persons combine to commit a crime, each person is criminally responsible for the acts of the others, if the acts are committed in furtherance of the common design.† Under those circumstances, the act of each is considered the act of all.

In order to have abandoned [an attempt to commit] a (crime)_______________, (Def)_______________ must have completely withdrawn from the criminal enterprise, before the (criminal acts)_______________ actually started.† Further, [he] [she] must have communicated [his] [her] intent to abandon to those who began and continued in the [attempt to commit the] (crime)_______________, so that they could have followed [his] [her] example and refrained from further action before the critical act was committed.† A mere change of heart would not be sufficient to withdraw (Def)_______________ís participation; [he] [she] must have communicated [his] [her] decision not to carry out [his] [her] part of the plan.

If you conclude that (Def)_______________ effectively withdrew, then [he] [she] cannot be found guilty of the (crime)_______________.† If, however, you find that [he] [she] had entered into, and aided, the [attempt to commit the] (crime)_______________, and that [he] [she] did not completely withdraw, then you must find [him] [her] guilty as an accomplice to the (crime)_______________.