CR21-061†††††††††††††††††† 10/29/10

 

ASSAULT AND ROBBERY (ATTEMPT TO CAUSE† INJURY), WHEN ARMED WITH A DANGEROUS WEAPON -- 13 V.S.A. ß 608(b)

 

††††††††††† The State has charged (Def)_______________ with assault and robbery, with an attempt to cause bodily injury, as follows:

††††††††††† [Read the charge.]

††††††††††† Every crime is made up of essential elements.† Before (Def)_______________ can be found guilty of the charge, the State must have proven each of the essential elements beyond a reasonable doubt.† In this case, the essential elements are that on the date and at the place alleged,

(1)               (Def)_______________;

(2)               attempted to cause bodily injury to (victim)_______________, by (specific acts)_______________;

(3)               [he] [she] also took money or other property which may be the subject of larceny from the [person] [presence] of (victim)_______________;

(4)               [he] [she] took the money or other property with the intent to deprive (victim)_______________ of it permanently; and

(5)               at the time, [he] [she] was armed with a dangerous weapon.

The first essential element is that (Def)_______________ is the person who committed the alleged acts.

The second essential element is that (Def)_______________ attempted to cause bodily injury to (victim)_______________.† The term bodily injury means any physical pain, illness or any impairment of physical condition.† An attempt requires an open, physical act by (Def)_______________, coupled with an intent to cause bodily injury to (victim)_______________.† Threatening words are not enough.† You must distinguish between mere preparation and the actual start of the criminal conduct.† Merely planning the offense, or doing some act which might be innocent in itself, is not enough.† An act is sufficient to be an attempt to commit an offense, if it is intentional, and if it progresses far enough to be the beginning of the crime.

A person acts intentionally if he or she acts purposely or knowingly, and not inadvertently, because of mistake, or by accident.† The intent with which a person does an act may be shown by the way in which he or she expresses it to others, or by his or her conduct.† In determining (Def)_______________ís intent, you should consider all of the surrounding facts and circumstances established by the evidence.

Here the State alleges that (Def)_______________ attempted to cause bodily injury to (victim)_______________, by (specific acts)_______________.

The third essential element is that (Def)_______________ took money or other property which may be the subject of larceny from the [person] [presence] of (victim)_______________.† Anything that can be stolen may be the subject of larceny.† [A thing is in the presence of a person with respect to assault and robbery if it is so within his or her reach or control that he or she could retain the thing in his or her possession, if he or she were not overcome by (Def)_______________ís violence or prevented by fear caused by (Def)_______________.]

The fourth essential element is that (Def)_______________ took (victim)_______________ís money or other property with the intent of depriving (victim)_______________ of its value permanently.† This means that [he] [she] acted with a conscious objective of permanently depriving (victim)_______________ of the money or property.† It also means that [he] [she] acted voluntarily, and not inadvertently, or because of mistake, or by accident.

The last essential element is that, at the time, (Def)_______________ was armed with a dangerous weapon.† A dangerous weapon is a weapon that may be used to endanger human life or inflict great bodily harm.† You may find that a gun is a dangerous weapon, when it is used in the commission of a robbery, whether or not the gun is loaded or capable of being fired.

All of the elements of the offense must have been present at the same time.† If the State has not proven each of the essential elements of the charge beyond a reasonable doubt, then you must find (Def)_______________ not guilty.† However, if the State has proven all of the essential elements beyond a reasonable doubt, then you must return a verdict of guilty.